Nationality at level of Nationwide Insurance coverage quantity registration of DWP working age profit recipients: knowledge to November 2020 – GOV.UK

August 18, 2022 By admin

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Revealed 26 August 2021

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This publication is offered at https://www.gov.uk/authorities/statistics/nationality-at-point-of-national-insurance-number-registration-of-dwp-working-age-benefit-recipients-data-to-november-2020/nationality-at-point-of-national-insurance-number-registration-of-dwp-working-age-benefit-recipients-data-to-november-2020
This annual statistical abstract gives a depend of claimants receiving a number of Division for Work and Pensions (DWP) Working Age (WA) advantages damaged down by nationality.
These statistics are sourced by combining the WA profit mixture and Nationwide Insurance coverage quantity (NINo) Registrations to Grownup Abroad Nationals datasets. These statistics present a point-in-time depend of all DWP WA profit claimants at November annually from 2013 to 2020. These statistics don’t embody any data concerning profit claimants of state pension age. HMRC administered advantages akin to Tax Credit and Baby Profit will not be included within the statistics.
UK nationals in these statistics are these in receipt of WA advantages who don’t seem within the NINo dataset. The NINo registration dataset covers all Non-UK nationals who have been allotted a NINo within the interval January 1975 to June 2021, nonetheless this publication solely consists of knowledge till November 2020. The nationality said in these statistics is as recorded on the level of NINo registration.
The nationality for Non-UK nationals is recorded on the level of NINo registration and can’t be used as a proxy for present nationality or nationality at start. Please see nationality part for additional data.
This publication covers the interval to November 2020, and subsequently incorporates knowledge referring to intervals each previous to and through the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
There have been 9.9 million those that claimed no less than one DWP-administered WA profit in November 2020, 38% (2.7 million) greater than in November 2019, the most important improve between reference dates within the variety of individuals claiming WA advantages because the time collection started in November 2013.
From November 2019 to November 2020, the variety of UK nationals claiming WA advantages elevated by 34% to eight.3 million, whereas the variety of claimants from Non-UK nationalities elevated by 61% to 1.6 million. For each teams this was the most important 12 months on 12 months improve since November 2013. The rise within the whole variety of UK and Non-UK nationals claiming no less than one DWP WA profit is prone to be a mirrored image of the financial disruption brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Amongst Non-UK nationals, EU nationals claiming WA advantages elevated by 104% to 780,000. Whereas the variety of Non-EU nationals elevated by 34% to 820,000. All world sub-groups noticed a rise within the variety of WA profit claimants from November 2019 to November 2020.
In November 2020, 42% of Non-UK WA profit claimants lived in London, this can be a lower of 5 share factors from 47% in November 2013.
There’s a related sample of UK WA profit claimants throughout GB areas claiming Housing profit (HB) or Common Credit score (UC), whereas for Non-UK claimants there’s barely extra variation throughout these areas.
London has a a lot larger proportion of UK and Non-UK WA profit claimants claiming HB, and the bottom proportion claiming mixtures excluding HB or UC.
The most typical profit mixture is UC with the profit recipient being Out-of-Work (UC(OOW)). Of all WA profit claimants, 2.3 million (23%) claimed UC(OOW) solely. Equally, 22% of UK WA profit claimants claimed UC(OOW) solely, and 26% of Non-UK WA profit claimants claimed UC (OOW) solely.
The rise within the whole variety of UK and Non-UK nationals claiming no less than one DWP WA profit is prone to be a mirrored image of the financial disruption brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic. A number of the improve in whole WA profit claimants can also replicate the switch from Tax Credit to UC, as there isn’t a methodology to distinguish new UC claims from these transferring from legacy advantages to UC.
This abstract incorporates statistics on the nationality of claims to DWP administered WA advantages, overlaying the interval November 2013 to November 2020. These statistics are designated as Experimental Statistics.
The statistics present:
The statistics don’t give detailed details about:
For official statistics on every particular person profit please see the statistics printed by DWP grouped by kind of profit.
The info introduced on this statistical abstract signify a point-in-time depend of DWP profit claimants by profit mixture at November annually from 2013 to 2020. Between every time level there may very well be modifications which aren’t captured by these statistics.
There are methodological variations between particular person profit collection in different publications and the profit mixture collection printed right here, which in some instances give rise to variations within the figures themselves. Information is in line with the profit mixtures knowledge printed on Stat-Xplore. The official figures for particular person advantages ought to at all times be used to search out out the variety of claimants receiving a selected profit. Additional data on methodology, and element on makes use of and limitations of the collection may be present in background data.
The next EU groupings are used within the statistics:
For reporting functions, nations have been grouped into ‘World Areas’ primarily based totally on geographical location.
Information supplied within the supporting tables printed alongside this statistical abstract has been randomly adjusted to keep away from the discharge of confidential knowledge. This perturbation is in step with the perturbation methodology utilized by Stat-Xplore. The figures inside this abstract have been rounded in accordance to the rounding coverage as per the desk beneath. All calculations are finished previous to rounding. There could also be variations when recalculating the figures from knowledge supplied within the supporting knowledge tables and inside this abstract.
Percentages are rounded to the closest complete quantity.
The nationality for Non-UK nationals is recorded on the level of NINo registration and can’t be used as a proxy for present nationality or nationality at start. Nationality will not be up to date, subsequently these statistics replicate nationality solely on the time of NINo allocation and embody knowledge on Non-UK people allotted a NINo from 1975 onwards. Over this time interval, many individuals may have modified nationality, nonetheless the info we at present maintain will not be in a position to quantify this.
This statistical launch has at all times from the outset had a robust caveat about the usage of these figures. Nevertheless, we at the moment are conscious that the dimensions of distinction between nationality on the level of NINo allocation and nationality or citizenship standing on the level of receiving advantages is prone to be very substantial.
At current this distinction can’t be quantified. migration and naturalisation[footnote 1] normally, the Migration Observatory briefing on Citizenship and naturalisation for migrants within the UK reported that in 2019, 54% of Non-EU nationals who have been born overseas had gained UK Citizenship.
This proportion rose to 65% at 10 years (by the tip of 2016 for Non-EU nationals who had an entry visa in 2006) and 75% at 13 years (finish of 2019) (see determine 4 in the Migration Observatory briefing on Citizenship and naturalisation for migrants within the UK).
While the general proportion of EU nationals who have been born overseas and have gained UK Citizenship was considerably decrease on the time of conducting analysis (at 16%), it is very important observe that because the EU referendum there was a pointy improve within the variety of EU nationals gaining UK citizenship, with EU nationals accounting for 30% (roughly 48,500) of profitable purposes within the 12 months ending 2019 (see determine 3 in the Migration Observatory briefing on Citizenship and naturalisation for migrants within the UK). None of those modifications to citizenship are mirrored inside this statistics bulletin.
While it’s not at present doable to know the extent of the influence of this with reference to profit claimants from accessible knowledge, this could illustrate that these statistics can’t be used as a significant proxy for the nationality or citizenship of profit claimants on the level of claiming advantages.
People who migrate to the UK and register as UK residents as kids or as adults earlier than being allotted a NINo can be recorded throughout the UK class of this publication. Accordingly, these statistics cannot be used as a proxy for nationality at start and can’t be used to evaluate previous migration standing of profit claimants.
Learn extra about the Migration Observatory.
We want to have suggestions from the customers of this statistical bulletin about how these statistics are at present used. Learn extra details about this, together with easy methods to ship your feedback to us.
These statistics current geographies primarily based on claimant deal with on the level of receiving a WA profit. For Non-UK claimants the deal with on the level of receiving a WA profit may differ from their deal with on the level of NINo registration.
The profit mixtures lined on this publication are in step with these lined within the profit mixtures statistics and Stat-Xplore, as proven within the following desk.
For family degree advantages (UC and HB), each the primary claimant and companion (if relevant) are included within the statistics as separate people. This differs from different HB statistical publications, the place figures present variety of claims no matter whether or not for a single particular person or a pair. A person will not be counted as a profit claimant if they’re a beneficiary of one other particular person’s profit declare however will not be claiming any profit in their very own proper. These statistics don’t embody any data concerning profit claimants of state pension age. HMRC administered advantages akin to Tax Credit and Baby Profit will not be included within the statistics.
The financial disruption brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic has prompted a further improve in UC claims and JSA claims from March 2020 onwards.
On 1 April 2020, govt competence for the next advantages was transferred to the Scottish Authorities:
Right now the Scottish Authorities’s Cupboard Secretary for Social Safety and Older Individuals introduced that the introduction of the brand new Scottish incapacity and carer advantages can be paused given the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic. Till these advantages are launched, and whereas Social Safety Scotland continues to construct its capability to ship them, DWP Ministers have agreed that the DWP will proceed delivering the prevailing advantages on behalf of the Scottish Authorities beneath Company Agreements as they’re delivered in England and Wales.
Over the interval from 2013 to 2018, there have been main modifications to the advantages which WA individuals can declare. UC was launched in April 2013 and roll out was full in December 2018. Switch on to UC for current claimants of different advantages is ongoing.
The next advantages are changed by UC:
Because of the nature of UC, a few of these now claiming UC have been beforehand solely claiming Tax Credit, and so have been beforehand not counted as claiming WA advantages. A number of the improve in whole WA profit claimants might replicate the switch from Tax Credit to UC, as there isn’t a methodology to distinguish new UC claims from these transferring from legacy advantages to UC.
From February 2021, Industrial Accidents Disablement Profit (IIDB) was added to the Profit Mixtures statistics for the primary time. This consists of those that declare Industrial Accidents Disablement Profit solely, Diminished Allowance or Retirement Allowance solely, or Industrial Accidents Disablement Profit with both Diminished Allowance or Retirement Allowance.
The methodology used to incorporate IIDB differs from that within the IIDB quarterly statistics assortment with the intention to align the caseload dates to a standard time level (the Profit Mixtures statistics reference date). The IIDB caseload inside Profit Mixtures is an estimate primarily based on the printed IIDB caseload from 5 months previous to the reference date, with identified deaths occurring throughout the intervening five-month interval eliminated. For instance, IIDB caseload at August 2020 was estimated utilizing the printed IIDB caseload as at March 2020 minus all people identified to have died between March and August.
When including IIDB to Profit Mixtures, the entire again collection was up to date and so this didn’t introduce any discontinuity.
Different methodological modifications in February 2021 embody:
The Profit Mixture background methodology observe offers element and influence for every of those modifications.
Supply: NINo Profit Mixture Statistics knowledge tables
There have been 9.9 million those that claimed no less than one DWP administered WA profit in November 2020, a 38% (2.7 million) improve from November 2019, the most important improve within the variety of individuals claiming WA advantages because the time collection started in 2013.
The variety of UK and Non-UK DWP administered WA profit claimants elevated between November 2019 and November 2020, the third time there was a consecutive improve for each UK and Non-UK nationals because the time collection started. The rise within the whole variety of UK and Non-UK nationals between November 2019 and November 2020 claiming no less than one DWP WA profit is prone to be a mirrored image of the financial disruption brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic.
From November 2019 to November 2020, the variety of UK nationals claiming WA advantages elevated by 34% to eight.3 million, whereas the variety of Non-UK nationals claiming WA advantages elevated by 61% to 1.6 million. For each teams, this was the most important 12 months on 12 months improve since November 2013.
Non-UK claimants account for 16% of all DWP administered WA profit claimants in November 2020. That is the most important share they’ve accounted for because the starting of the time collection in November 2013, and a rise of two share factors since November 2019.
There have been 8.3 million UK nationals that claimed no less than one WA profit in November 2020. That is 34% greater than the 6.2 million that claimed in November 2019 and is the most important variety of UK nationals claiming no less than one WA profit in any twelve months ending November, because the time collection started in November 2013.
There have been 1.6 million Non-UK nationals that claimed no less than one WA profit in November 2020. That is 61% greater than the 1 million that claimed in November 2019 and is the most important variety of Non-UK nationals claiming no less than one WA profit in any twelve months ending November, because the occasions collection started in November 2013.
The rise within the whole variety of UK and Non-UK nationals claiming no less than one DWP WA profit is prone to be a mirrored image of the financial disruption brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Supply: NINo Profit Mixture Statistics knowledge tables
The variety of EU and Non-EU claimants elevated from November 2019 to November 2020. Non-EU claimants stay the vast majority of Non-UK claimants, accounting for 51% in November 2020. That is 10 share factors decrease than in November 2019, and is the bottom proportion of Non-EU WA profit claimants because the time collection started in November 2013.
Supply: NINo Profit Mixture Statistics knowledge tables
The variety of EU15 claimants declined barely from November 2013 to November 2015, and has since elevated, with the most important improve because the starting of the time collection occurring between November 2019 and November 2020.
The variety of EU8 claimants declined from November 2013 to November 2017, with the most important decline occurring between November 2014 and November 2015. The variety of claimants started to extend from November 2017 and has continued to extend, with the most important improve because the starting of the time collection occurring between November 2019 and November 2020.
The variety of EU2 claimants has continued to steadily improve since November 2013. A better improve was noticed between November 2017 and November 2019, and the most important improve because the starting of the time collection occurred between November 2019 and November 2020.
In November 2020, there have been 780,000 EU nationals claiming WA advantages. Of which:
There have been 780,000 EU nationals that claimed no less than one DWP administered WA profit in November 2020. This represents a rise of 104% from November 2019 and a rise of 130% from November 2013. The rise in EU profit claimants from November 2019 to November 2020 was pushed largely by the rise in EU8, EU2 and EU15 claimants.
The rise within the whole variety of EU nationals claiming no less than one DWP WA profit is prone to be a mirrored image of the financial disruption brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Supply: NINo Profit Mixture Statistics knowledge tables
The variety of profit claimants from European nations not part of the EU (Different Europe) largely declined from November 2013 to November 2016, and has since elevated, with the most important improve because the starting of the time collection occurring between November 2019 and November 2020.
The variety of claimants from Asia has continued to steadily improve since November 2013. A better improve was noticed between November 2018 and November 2019. The most important improve because the starting of the time collection occurred between November 2019 and November 2020.
The variety of profit claimants from Africa and the Americas declined from November 2013 to November 2017, and has since elevated. The most important improve because the starting of the time collection occurred between November 2019 and November 2020.
The variety of profit claimants from Oceania declined from November 2013 to November 2018, and has since elevated. The most important improve because the starting of the time collection occurred between November 2019 and November 2020.
In November 2020, there have been 820,000 Non-EU WA profit claimants. Of which:
There have been 820,000 Non-UK claimants from exterior the EU that obtained no less than one DWP administered WA profit in November 2020. This represents a rise of 34% from November 2019 and a 55% improve from November 2013. The rise in Non-EU profit claimants from November 2019 to November 2020 was pushed largely by the rise in claimants from Asia and Africa, significantly from South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, respectively.
The rise within the whole variety of Non-EU nationals claiming no less than one DWP WA profit is prone to be a mirrored image of the financial disruption brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic.
The proportions of the varied profit mixtures claimed by UK claimants differs to these for Non-UK claimants. For instance, when in comparison with UK claimants, Non-UK claimants declare HB at larger proportions than UK claimants, (14% for Non-UK and 4% for UK). Equally, Non-UK claimants declare UC whereas Working (UC(WRK)) with no different advantages, at larger proportions than UK claimants, (32% for Non-UK and 19% for UK). Additional element for the commonest mixtures for UK and Non-UK (damaged by EU and Non-EU world areas) claimants is supplied beneath.
The most typical profit mixtures claimed by individuals additionally fluctuate by area of residence of the claimant. This detailed knowledge may be present in Desk 2 of the supporting tables accompanying this launch This desk gives the commonest profit mixtures which embody 95% of all profit claimants, damaged down by area and world sub-group.
Supply: NINo Profit Mixture Statistics knowledge tables
There’s a variety of DWP administered WA profit mixtures claimed by UK nationals. The most important group, with 1.9 million people in November 2020, declare UC(OOW) and no different advantages. There have been 3.8 million UK nationals claiming UC solely and a complete of 4.6 million UK nationals claiming UC in November 2020. This represents 56% of all UK nationals claiming WA advantages. Some UC claimants might have companions who work or declare different advantages in their very own proper.
In whole 1.8 million UK nationals claimed HB by itself or with different advantages, 22% of all UK WA profit claimants. Some HB claimants might have companions who work or declare different advantages in their very own proper.
Supply: NINo Profit Mixture Statistics knowledge tables
As for UK nationals, there’s a variety of DWP administered WA profit mixtures claimed by EU nationals. The most important group, of 330,000 people in November 2020, declare UC whereas Working (UC(WRK)) with no different advantages. A complete of 130 thousand EU nationals claimed HB, this represents 16% of all EU WA profit claimants.
In November 2020, 570 thousand EU nationals claimed UC with no different WA advantages, out of a complete of 610 thousand EU nationals claiming UC. EU nationals claiming UC signify 78% of EU WA profit claimants.
When in comparison with UK claimants, EU claimants claimed HB with no different advantages at larger proportions than UK claimants (11% for EU and 4% of UK). Equally, EU claimants claimed UC with no different advantages at larger proportions than UK claimants (73% for EU and 46% for UK).
Of the EU subgroups, EU2 had the best proportion of WA profit claimants claiming UC with no different advantages, with 87% of EU2 WA claimants claiming solely UC. EU2 had the bottom proportion of whole HB claims, with 8%. EU15 and the UK had the identical proportion of claimants who claimed HB (22%). EU15 had the next proportion of claimants who claimed HB with no different advantages (15%) in comparison with the UK (4%).
Supply: NINo Profit Mixture Statistics knowledge tables
There’s a variety of DWP administered WA profit mixtures claimed by Non-EU nationals. The most important group of 210,000 people in November 2020, declare UC whereas out of labor, out of a complete of 260,000 Non-EU nationals claiming HB. Non-EU nationals claiming HB signify 32% of all Non-EU WA profit claimants.
In November 2020, 440,000 Non-EU nationals claimed UC with no different WA advantages, out of a complete of 510,000 Non-EU nationals claiming UC. Non-EU nationals claiming UC signify 62% of Non-EU WA profit claimants.
Non-EU claimants claimed HB with no different advantages at larger proportions than UK claimants (18% for Non-EU and 4% for UK). Non-EU claimants additionally claimed UC with no different advantages at larger proportions than UK claimants (54% for Non-EU and 46% for UK).
When evaluating Non-EU world areas, claimants from Different Europe have the best proportion of claimants claiming HB, with 36%, and the bottom proportion of UC claims, with 59%. Claimants from Africa have the bottom proportion of WA profit claimants not claiming HB or UC, with 6%. Claimants from Oceania declare HB with no different advantages on the lowest price, when in comparison with different Non-EU world areas, at 6%. Oceanian claimants additionally declare HB on the lowest price, at 14% of all Oceanian WA profit claimants.
Supply: NINo Profit Mixture Statistics knowledge tables
The areas the place probably the most DWP-administered WA profit claimants reside are London, the North West and the South East.
London has the best variety of Non-UK WA profit claimants, with 670,000, representing 42% of all Non-UK profit claimants. Regardless of a rise within the variety of Non-UK WA profit claimants, the proportion of Non-UK WA profit claimants dwelling in London has decreased, from 47% of Non-UK WA profit claimants in November 2013.
UK WA profit claimants are much less concentrated in the place they stay throughout the nation, with the area with probably the most UK WA profit claimants being the North West, with 14% (1.1 million), and the least being the North East, with 6% (450,000). The distribution of UK WA profit claimants throughout the nation by area has remained steady because the time collection started, except the South East. The twelve months main as much as November 2020 noticed the South East’s proportion improve by one share level, to signify 12% of all UK WA profit claimants.
Equally, the distribution of all WA profit claimants throughout the nation by areas has remained steady because the time collection started, with some slight fluctuation in each London and Wales (this knowledge may be present in Desk 1 of the supporting tables accompanying this launch).
In each area UK WA profit claimants make up the vast majority of WA profit claimants. In November 2020, in London, 42% of all WA profit claimants have been Non-UK nationals.
Within the East Midlands, East of England, South East, South West, and Scotland, EU WA profit claimants outnumber Non-EU WA profit claimants. For all different areas that is reversed, with Non-EU WA profit claimants outnumbering EU WA profit claimants.
Detailed figures at regional degree for the variety of people claiming particular mixtures of advantages can be found within the supporting tables accompanying this launch.
Nationality and eligibility to say advantages are two various things. DWP advantages are solely accessible to those who stay in Nice Britain. From 1 April 2011, the Authorities Statistical Service (GSS) Regional and Geography Committee (RGC) agreed that the previous Authorities places of work for the areas (GORs) ought to merely be known as ‘areas’. While Scotland and Wales weren’t subdivided into GORs, they’re additionally listed as ‘areas’ in GB-wide statistical comparisons.
Supply: NINo Profit Mixture Statistics knowledge tables
Supply: NINo Profit Mixture Statistics knowledge tables
Throughout the areas, UK WA profit claimants claimed HB, UC and Different advantages at related charges, with a HB price between 20% and 26%, a UC price between 52% and 59%, and different advantages with a price between 18% and 27%. London has the best proportion of HB claimants, with 26% of UK London claimants claiming HB. London additionally has the best proportion of UC claimants, with 59%.
The areas with the bottom proportion of HB claimants have been the North West, East Midlands, East of England, and South West, all with 20%. The area with the bottom proportion of UC claimants was Wales, with 52%. East Midlands and Wales have the best price of UK claimants not claiming UC or HB with 27%.
For Non-UK WA profit claimants, throughout the areas, HB was claimed at a price between 16% and 32%. Just like UK claimants, London had the best proportion of HB claimants, with 32% of Non-UK London claimants claiming HB. The areas with the bottom proportion of HB claimants have been the South West, East Midlands, and North East, with 16%.
For Non-UK WA profit claimants, UC was claimed at a price between 64% and 77%. The South West and North East had the best proportion of UC claimants, with 77%. The area with the bottom proportion of UC claimants was London, with 64%. For Non-UK WA profit claimants, Different advantages have been claimed at a price between 6% and 11% throughout areas. The area with the best proportion of profit claims apart from UC and HB was Yorkshire and the Humber, with 11%. London had the bottom proportion of Non-UK claimants not claiming UC or HB, with 6%.
Customers of those statistics are requested to notice that the profit mixture statistics are at present an experimental statistical collection, which signifies that they’re within the improvement section.
Nationwide, Official and Experimental Statistics are produced in accordance with Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and the Code of Follow for Statistics. Nationwide Statistics standing signifies that official statistics meet the best requirements of:
Official and Experimental Statistics could also be awarded Nationwide Statistics standing following an evaluation by the Workplace for Statistics Regulation, the regulatory arm of the UK Statistics Authority. Additional details about Nationwide, Official and Experimental Statistics standing may be discovered within the Code of Follow for Statistics web site glossary.
For reporting functions, nations have been grouped into ‘world areas’ primarily based totally on geographical location. International locations are grouped in response to present world space standing for the whole again collection.
Learn earlier releases of those statistics.
Learn additional data observe for particulars on the NINo knowledge and technique of allocation.
Learn additional methodology observe for particulars on the Profit Mixtures knowledge.
Official Statistics for every of the particular person advantages on this launch may be discovered for WA advantages.
Learn for data concerning advantages and pensions for EEA and Swiss residents within the UK.
Learn for data concerning migrant entry to public funds, together with social housing, homelessness help and social care.
Learn for HMRC publication of the variety of Tax Credit score recipients.
Following the replace of the caveat concerning modifications to nationality after preliminary NINo allocation, we want to additional perceive how these statistics are used.
Are ‘nationality breakdown at level of NINo allocation’ statistics helpful to you with out getting used as a proxy for present nationality, or nationality at start? If that’s the case, please present additional data on how you employ this data.
We might additionally be glad about views on the extent to which the data within the caveat impacts on and will restrict the meaningfulness of your utilization of the figures and accordingly the usefulness of this as an ongoing measure on this foundation. Please ship any responses and any additional suggestions by electronic mail to [email protected]
DWP want to hear your views on our statistical publications. When you use any of our statistics publications, we might be occupied with listening to what you employ them for and the way effectively they meet your necessities: Ship your feedback by electronic mail to: [email protected].
Press enquiries ought to be directed to the DWP Press Workplace, phone: 0203 267 5144.
Enquiries about these statistics ought to be directed by electronic mail to:
Producer of this launch: [email protected]
Lead statistician: [email protected]
ISBN: 978-1-78659-349-8
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